许多教育专家认为，与传统或被动学习相比，大学生在积极的学习环境中学习得更多。所以主动学习获得了负载的倡导者和越来越显著（Bell & kahrhoff，2006）。本报告将阐明积极学习的意义，并着重探讨积极学习对大学生的积极影响，有助于他们获得学业上的成功。本报告将对积极学习提出结论，并为大学生成为主动学习者提供一些切实可行的建议。
主动学习是课程班的所有学生都被要求做而不是只是听相关的任何东西，看和做笔记（费尔德和布伦特，2009）。换句话说，主动学习是一个过程，所有的学生都积极参与建立的事实，了解事实，通过引导和指导者的活动和任务完成的想法和经验（Bell & kahrhoff，2006）。例如，学生提出问题，分组讨论，提出自己的观点，做角色扮演，做案例研究。任何一种活动都能使所有的学生都参与到学习中去。
Active learning, as a kind of new learning approach, is important and efficient to both university students and instructors. This report will illustrate what is active learning and how can active learning successfully influence university students in academy. Then the conclusion and a few recommendations will be given. The information obtained in this report comes from journals and papers. Through the research of this report, it is clear that active learning influences university students in various areas and is good for them.
Many educational experts agree that university students study more in an active learning environment compared to those study in the traditional or passive approach. So active learning has gained load of advocates and become more and more significant (Bell & Kahrhoff, 2006). This report will throw light on the meaning of active learning and focus on the positive effects of active learning to university students which is good for them to gain academic success. Then this report will draw a conclusion on active learning and provide some practical recommendations for university students to become active learners.
2. Active learning
Active learning is anything related to course that all students in class are asked to do rather than just listening, watching and taking notes (Felder & Brent, 2009). In other words, active learning is a process where all students are actively involved in establishing the understanding of truths, facts, ideas and experience through the guiding and completion of instructors directed activities and tasks (Bell & Kahrhoff, 2006). For example, students put up questions, make discussion in groups, present their own opinions, make role plays and do case studies. It is any kind of activity that makes all students be engaged in the learning.
2.2 The positive effects of active learning to university students in academy
In fact, active learning is beneficial for university students, because it has several overwhelming positive effects on university students and makes it easier for them to obtain academic success. The reasons are as follows.
Firstly, in active learning, students have more chances to communicate. This is because students are often asked to working in small groups and each of them has adequate time to put forward their opinions individually. And through group work, students can not only speak out their own ideas but also can make discussion with teammates, and sometimes they want to persuade others to agree with him or her, or sometimes they are asked to make one final conclusion as a group, so in this way, students have to communicate with others (Marincovich & Prostck, 1993). And with a good skill in communication or interaction, university students will be more cooperative and confident, and these qualities can make their academy more successful.
Secondly, students taught in active learning receive a stronger ability to making conceptual understanding than those are not. Since students take part in the activities in class, in order to tackle the problems given by instructors, they have to collect data, analyze, interpret, make comparison and evaluate the information, as a result, students develop a higher thinking level (Pundak, et,al., 2009). A higher thinking level makes attribution for students to achieve conceptual understanding, the deeper they think, the more they understand, that is to say, active learning propels students to consider. And in order to achieve academic success, a good capacity of making conceptual understanding is a good help.